Every now and then, you might wake up in the morning with a giant bruise without remembering how on earth it got there. Bruises are a result of tiny blood vessels breaking or leaking under your skin without being able to escape through any cuts or holes on the surface of your skin. Usually they break when you bump yourself, but there are some conditions that can also inflict damage onto your blood vessels. Some of the causes of easy bruising might surprise you.
Over-the-counter pain medication often makes your blood much thinner because they suppress enzymes responsible for blood clotting. Without blood clots, bleeding occurs much more often, which means that you bleed more easily when you get a cut on your skin, but it also means your bleed more easily when your blood vessels break underneath your skin. If you can avoid pain medication, then you should also be able to avoid the bruising that it causes. If you have a lot of unmanageable pain, then you might want to talk to your doctor about choosing painkillers that do not inhibit your ability to form blood clots.
Anticoagulants are used for certain heart conditions because they help your blood pass more freely through your blood vessels. They do this by preventing blood from forming clots so that you never have any sort of obstruction in your blood vessels. By increasing the time it takes for your blood to clot, anticoagulants can treat a number of cardiovascular diseases associated with inadequate blood flow. However, when you do not form blood clots so quickly, you will have an easier time bleeding underneath your skin. Therefore, anticoagulants can cause bruising.
Vitamins C, K, and B12 are all important for making sure that your blood can form clots, so if you are not getting enough of these nutrients in your diet, then you can bruise more easily. You need fruits, vegetables, and proteins to make sure that you are getting a well-balanced diet. If you are struggling to maintain a good diet, then you might want to consider using dietary supplements from your local pharmacy. If you are a vegan or vegetarian, then you will definitely want to consider trying out B12 supplements. Otherwise, you will find that you bleed and bruise more easily than you should. You will also likely experience a number of other serious symptoms, including easy bleeding, numbness, tingling, fatigue, and weakness.
People with certain types of cancers like leukemia will have fewer platelets in their blood. Your blood clots are bad out of these platelets. Without enough platelets, your blood vessels will get leaky and you might start to see a lot of bruises. Therefore, if you are concerned about your persistent easy bruising, you should definitely talk to your healthcare provider to make sure that you do not have leukemia or any other form of cancer.
Alcohol can make you less coordinated, which can definitely lead to bumps and bruises. If you drank a little too much, you may not even remember tripping or falling, which means you will likely be surprised to wake up with a couple of bruises on your body. Additionally, your blood vessels become more fragile when they are filled with alcohol. Alcohol causes your blood vessels to dilate. In this dilated state, they are more relaxed and vulnerable. Blood flow also increases when the vessels dilate, which means there will be more blood right underneath your skin that can leak out and cause bruising in the event of a minor accident. The best way to prevent this type of bruising is to be very careful when you drink. Limit how much alcohol you drink and try your best not to make a clumsy mistake.
Ultraviolet rays can cause some of your skin to break down, which might be part of the reason sunburns and freckles can give you skin cancer. The second layer of your skin is a sponge-like tissue and it normally protects the blood vessels just beneath your skin. However, if the collagen dissolves in the sunlight, your blood vessels are in danger. They can break more easily, which will cause bruising. The best way to prevent this type of skin damage is to wear a lot of sunscreen. You might want to expose yourself to sunlight to get that nice summer tan. However, the easy bruising can be ugly and you do not want to put yourself at risk for skin cancer. Even if you do not burn easily, you can still get freckles and dangerous tans that can increase your chances of cancer.
Darker and tougher skin can protect you a little bit against easy bruising and cancer. However, dark skinned individuals can still face skin damage; it will just take longer for you to notice the effects. Even if you do not spend so much time in the sun, the damage caused by UV light can accumulate over time and make your collagen start to dissolve. Therefore, older individuals bruise more easily than younger individuals. However, if you are still young, it still only takes one summer of spending time in the sunlight without adequate amounts of sunscreen to start bruising easily.
High Blood Sugar
If you have too much sugar in your blood, then you will have trouble with healing certain breaks and wounds. Therefore, a small amount of damage in your blood vessels can turn into a leak that is large enough to cause you to bruise. These bruises will take a long time to go away because you do not heal easily. Try to find a way to control your blood sugar and you might see an improvement.